Gamma Rays (Gamma Particles) | Discovery, Properties

gamma rays

Gamma rays or gamma radiation is a stream of high-energy electromagnetic radiation given off by an atomic nucleus undergoing radioactive decay. Definition of Gamma Rays Gamma rays are ionizing in nature, which means that they can release electrons from atoms. Gamma rays are biologically dangerous and can cause animal cells to decay. Usually, gamma rays … Read more

Beta Rays (Beta Particles) | Discovery, Uses, Applications

beta rays

Definition of Beta Rays Beta rays are made up of beta particles. A beta particle has the same mass and charges as an electron. It is emitted from the nucleus of an atom during radioactive decay. It can either be negatively charged (negatrons) or positively charged (positrons). Collision interactions of beta particles are somewhat different … Read more

Alpha Rays (Alpha Particles) | Definition, Uses, Properties

alpha rays

Definition of Alpha Rays Alpha rays is made up of alpha particles. An alpha particle, structurally equivalent to the nucleus of a helium atom, consists of two protons and two neutrons.  Other Definition of Alpha Rays During nuclear decay, the liberated energy (decay energy) is shared between the daughter nucleus and the alpha particle. The … Read more

Cathode Rays | Definition, Discovery, Experiments

cathode rays

Definition of Cathode Rays Cathode rays are the beam of electrons traveling from the negatively charged Cathode to the positively charged anode at the other end of the vacuum tube. These Cathodes travel in a straight-line path at high speed when a voltage difference is applied to the electrodes. The detection of cathode ray was … Read more