Emission Spectrum of Hydrogen Atom

emission spectrum of hydrogen atom

Emission Spectrum of Hydrogen Atom The emission spectrum of Hydrogen atom has been divided into a number of spectral series, with wavelengths given by the Rydberg formula. These observed spectral lines are due to the electron-making transitions between two energy levels in an atom. Explanation The emission spectrum of the hydrogen atom can be obtained … Read more

Emission Spectra | Types, Production, Uses, Examples

emission spectra

Definition of Emission Spectra The emission spectra of a chemical element or chemical compound is the spectrum of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation emitted due to an atom or molecule transitioning from a high energy state to a lower energy state. Emission spectra are obtained when the radiations emitted from substances that have absorbed energy (either … Read more

Atomic Spectra | Definition, Discovery, Types

atomic spectra

Definition of Atomic Spectra The atomic spectra are the spectrum of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation emitted or absorbed during transitions of electrons between energy levels within an atom. Each element has a characteristic spectrum through which it can easily be recognized. When a beam of light from the sun is passed through a prism, it … Read more

Black Body Radiation | Definition, History, Applications

black body radiation

Definition of Black Body Radiation Black Body Radiation: When radiant energy falls on the surface of anybody, a part of it is reflected, a part is absorbed, and the rest is transmitted. The whole energy is not absorbed because generally, the surfaces of ordinary bodies are not perfect absorbs of radiation. However, if the radiant … Read more

Wave Motion | Definition, Discovery, Classifications, Uses

wave motion

Definition of Wave Motion Wave motion is the transfer of energy and momentum from one point of the medium to another medium without the actual transport of matter between two points.  Discovery of Wave Motion In the 18th Century, French mathematician and scientist Jean Le Rond d’Alembert derived the wave equation. A thorough and general … Read more

Mass Number | Definition, Use, Properties, Examples

what is mass number

Definition of Mass Number The mass number (symbol A, from the German word Atomgewicht [atomic weight]), also called atomic mass number or nucleon number, is the total number of protons and neutrons (together known as nucleons) in an atomic nucleus. It is approximately equal to the atom’s atomic (also known as isotopic) mass expressed in … Read more

Atomic Number | Discovery, Formula, History, Properties

atomic number

Definitions of Atomic Number In the symbol representing a particular nuclear or atomic species, the atomic number may be indicated as a left subscript. Atoms of each element contain a characteristic number of protons. In fact, the number of protons determines what atom we are looking at (e.g., all atoms with six protons are carbon … Read more

Gamma Rays (Gamma Particles) | Discovery, Properties

gamma rays

Gamma rays or gamma radiation is a stream of high-energy electromagnetic radiation given off by an atomic nucleus undergoing radioactive decay. Definition of Gamma Rays Gamma rays are ionizing in nature, which means that they can release electrons from atoms. Gamma rays are biologically dangerous and can cause animal cells to decay. Usually, gamma rays … Read more

Beta Rays (Beta Particles) | Discovery, Uses, Applications

beta rays

Definition of Beta Rays Beta rays are made up of beta particles. A beta particle has the same mass and charges as an electron. It is emitted from the nucleus of an atom during radioactive decay. It can either be negatively charged (negatrons) or positively charged (positrons). Collision interactions of beta particles are somewhat different … Read more